Understanding BOFU Marketing

BOFU, or "Bottom-of-Funnel," is the final stage in the customer journey. At this point, potential customers have recognized a problem, explored solutions, and are ready to make a purchase. BOFU marketing strategies aim to guide and persuade them to take that final step, like making a purchase or signing up.

The Marketing Funnel

The marketing funnel represents a customer's journey from awareness to purchase. It starts with top-of-funnel (TOFU) content that generates awareness, followed by middle-of-funnel (MOFU) content that educates potential customers. Finally, the bottom-of-funnel (BOFU) focuses on conversion and sales, targeting leads who are already interested and need a final push to make a decision.

Opportunities and Characteristics of BOFU Marketing

Higher Conversion Rates

BOFU strategies target warmed-up leads who are close to making a purchase. These aren’t just random visitors; they’re people who already know your brand and are almost ready to buy. This makes BOFU marketing incredibly effective for boosting conversion rates.

Cost Efficiency

Focusing on BOFU marketing can be more cost-effective than continuously pouring resources into the top or middle of the funnel. Since you're targeting leads already interested in your product, the Return on Investment (ROI) is often higher.

Enhanced Customer Trust

At this stage, potential customers are looking for reassurance. Delivering the right content solidifies their trust, ensuring not just a one-time sale but potentially long-term relationships.

Personalized Marketing

BOFU allows for highly personalized marketing. By understanding what the lead has interacted with previously, you can tailor your marketing efforts to resonate better with their specific interests and needs.

Direct Impact on Sales

While TOFU and MOFU play foundational roles in building awareness and interest, BOFU directly impacts sales. Properly executed BOFU strategies can lead to a significant increase in sales, contributing directly to your bottom line.

Effective BOFU Marketing Tactics

Retargeting Campaigns

Most visitors won’t purchase on their first visit. Retargeting helps you reach out again, reminding potential customers of your products and nudging them toward a final purchase decision.

Product Demonstrations

Leads at this stage often seek to understand how a product works. Offering demos or trial versions can help them experience the benefits firsthand.

Comparison Charts

Potential customers might be evaluating multiple options. Providing comparison charts that highlight the superior features and benefits of your product can sway their decision in your favor.

Limited Time Offers

Creating a sense of urgency can be a compelling motivator. Limited-time discounts or bonuses can encourage leads to make a purchase decision sooner.

Customer Testimonials and Reviews

Social proof is powerful in BOFU marketing. Showcasing genuine testimonials or reviews builds trust and alleviates any lingering doubts.

Detailed Product Information

At the bottom of the funnel, customers may require in-depth information about a product before purchase. Offering detailed specifications, FAQs, and other relevant data can be beneficial.

SEO-Optimized Landing Pages

Ensure your landing pages are optimized for search to cater to leads actively seeking specific products or solutions. Focus on keywords that users would search for when they’re close to making a decision.

Personalized Email Campaigns

Based on previous interactions, send personalized emails addressing the potential customer's interests. This makes them feel valued and more inclined to purchase.

Live Chat and Support

Real-time support can address any last-minute queries or concerns, offering immediate solutions and making the transition from lead to customer smoother.

Upselling and Cross-Selling

Once a customer is ready to purchase, suggesting complementary products or higher-tier options can enhance the sale's value.

Creating Compelling BOFU Content

Solution-Based Content

Your potential customers are looking for solutions. Create content that shows how your product or service solves their problems or fulfills their needs.

Rich Media

Engage your audience with videos, infographics, and interactive content to effectively convey your product's value proposition.

FAQ Sections

Address common questions and concerns to build trust and reduce friction in the buying process.

Strong Calls to Action (CTAs)

CTAs should be clear, persuasive, and compelling. Encourage your leads to take that final step, whether it's "Buy Now," "Book a Consultation," or "Get Started."

Deep-Dive Product Guides

Offer detailed guides that provide insights into your product’s features, benefits, and applications. This helps customers understand its full potential.

Personal Stories and Case Studies

Real-world applications and success stories offer powerful testimonials. They provide social proof and show potential customers the tangible benefits of choosing your product.

Interactive Tools

Tools like price calculators, product configurators, or quizzes can offer personalized recommendations, boosting confidence in purchase decisions.

Mobile-Optimized Content

Ensure your content is responsive and optimized for mobile devices, as many users might be reviewing it on the go.

User-Generated Content

Encourage satisfied customers to share their experiences. Reviews, photos, or videos from previous customers can be a convincing factor for potential buyers.

The 95/5 Rule in BOFU Marketing

While BOFU marketing is an important step toward conversion, it represents only 5% of potential customers ready to make a purchase. The 95/5 Rule highlights the untapped opportunities in the remaining 95% who are not actively seeking a solution. Great marketing balances immediate gains with a long-term vision, engaging both the ready and waiting market segments. Use data to understand where customers are in their journey and how to catch their attention, making sure that today's 5% influences tomorrow's 95%.

Case Study – eFileCabinet’s BOFU Lead Jump

The Situation

In early 2022, eFileCabinet’s LinkedIn ads were in decline. The campaigns sporadically pulled a high volume of leads, but these leads never turned into qualified leads.

At this time eFileCabinet was also moving up-market to target larger organizations and change their USP, presenting another hurdle to qualified leads.

The Strategy

In June 97th Floor began working with eFileCabinet to leverage 6sense segments with LinkedIn ads to better isolate target ICPs and fill the pipe with qualified leads.

The Results

By the end of 2022, the revived LinkedIn campaigns were pulling leads that were qualified 22% of the time - a huge bump from the 1.5% qualified in 2021.

  • 43% Leads YoY 
  • 540% BOFU Leads

Case Study – The Conference Group’s CTA Makeover

The Situation

The Conference Group lacked data to make quantifiable business decisions. They enlisted 97th Floor to pair data with consumer insights and reveal promising conversion opportunities. 

The Strategy

The Conference Group’s home page contained multiple primary calls to action, so 97th Floor started the process of A/B testing there. While running these tests, we paid careful attention to trends in the data, enabling us to pivot toward the most effective strategies. We began with a focus on one CTA vs two CTA’s but also wanted to test CTA’s promoting top-of-funnel content vs lower funnel content. 

The Results

V4 was the winning variation, showing that BOFU verbiage paired with product pages led to the biggest increase in conversion rates. 

  • 95.8% Increase in new account click-through rates
  • 25.6% Increase in visitors to product page


BOFU marketing is about sealing the deal. It's the stage where potential customers are on the brink of making a purchase, and your strategies can tip the scales in your favor. By leveraging targeted tactics like retargeting campaigns, personalized content, and real-time support, you can guide leads to take that final step. Remember, while BOFU is important for immediate sales, balance these strategies with long-term engagement tactics that address the broader 95% of your potential market. This comprehensive approach will provide your brand with sustained growth and customer loyalty.


How is BOFU different from TOFU and MOFU?

TOFU (Top of the Funnel) focuses on raising awareness and attracting potential customers. MOFU (Middle of the Funnel) aims to nurture these leads by providing more information and building trust. BOFU, on the other hand, targets leads who are ready to convert, using strategies to close the sale and solidify their decision.

Why is BOFU marketing important for businesses?

While attracting and nurturing leads is essential, conversion is the end goal. BOFU marketing is crucial as it directly impacts a business's revenue by turning potential customers into actual buyers. It's the final push that can significantly influence a company's bottom line.

What are the primary goals of BOFU marketing strategies?

The primary goals are to eliminate any remaining purchase hesitations, reinforce the value proposition, offer personalized solutions, and persuade the lead to take the desired action, such as making a purchase, subscribing, or signing a contract.

How can we create effective BOFU content?

Effective BOFU content addresses the specific concerns or questions potential customers might have at this stage. This can include product demos, comparison charts, testimonials, case studies, detailed product or service specifications, and personalized offers.

How can BOFU marketing integrate with sales teams?

BOFU marketing and sales go hand-in-hand. Marketers can provide sales teams with BOFU content and tools to assist in their pitches, while sales teams can offer feedback from the field, helping marketers refine the BOFU strategy. Regular collaboration ensures alignment in messaging and tactics.

What metrics are crucial for assessing BOFU marketing success?

Key metrics include conversion rate, average order value (AOV), sales growth, time to conversion, cart abandonment rate, and customer lifetime value (CLV). These metrics directly reflect the efficacy of BOFU strategies in driving revenue.

How can technology aid in BOFU marketing?

Technology can facilitate personalized marketing, track user behavior, automate communication sequences, and retarget potential customers. Tools like CRM systems, chatbots, retargeting platforms, and analytics can significantly enhance BOFU efforts.

How frequently should BOFU strategies be revised?

While there's no one-size-fits-all answer, given the dynamic nature of digital marketing, it's advisable to review BOFU strategies quarterly. Regularly assessing performance metrics and staying updated with industry trends can guide necessary adjustments.

Can BOFU tactics help in building long-term customer relationships?

Absolutely. While BOFU primarily focuses on conversion, strategies like post-purchase support, loyalty programs, and feedback collection can not only secure the sale but also foster long-term trust and loyalty, turning one-time buyers into brand advocates.